The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Hospital Anxiety and Depression in Female Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Keywords: acute coronary syndrome, anxiety, depression, hospital, reflexology

Abstract

Background: Patients with cardiovascular diseases usually suffer from hospital anxiety and depression.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of foot reflexology massage on anxiety and depression in female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome.

Participants: Ninety older women with acute coronary syndrome were randomly assigned into intervention and control groups (n=45 in each group).

Research Design: A randomized controlled trial.

Intervention: The intervention and control groups received foot reflexology massage and routine care, respectively.

Main Outcomes Measures: The levels of anxiety and depression were evaluated using the hospital’s anxiety and depression scale (HADS) before and immediately after foot reflexology massage.

Results: Foot reflexology massage reduced both anxiety (F(1.44)=19.11, p = .001) and depression (F(1.44)=16.76, p = .001) in acute coronary patients relative to control patients. The intervention had a large effect on hospital anxiety and depression.

Conclusions: Foot reflexology massage is an efficient and safe intervention for alleviating psychological responses among female older adults suffering from acute coronary syndrome during hospitalization.

Author Biographies

Tahereh Bahrami, MScN, Shahed University
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Nahid Rejeh, PhD, MScN, BScN, Shahed University
Elderly Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, PhD, MScN, BScN, Shahed University
Elderly Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery
Seyed Davood Tadrisi, MScN, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences
Faculty of Nursing
Mojtaba Vaismoradi, PhD, MScN, BScN, Nord University
Faculty of Nursing and Health Sciences
Published
2019-09-02
How to Cite
Bahrami, MScN, T., Rejeh, PhD, MScN, BScN, N., Heravi-Karimooi, PhD, MScN, BScN, M., Tadrisi, MScN, S. D., & Vaismoradi, PhD, MScN, BScN, M. (2019). The Effect of Foot Reflexology on Hospital Anxiety and Depression in Female Older Adults: a Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork: Research, Education, & Practice, 12(3), 16-21. https://doi.org/10.3822/ijtmb.v12i3.429
Section
Research